Anthropometric, functional and psychophysiological factors of traumatism of qualified basketball players

Ж.Л. Козина, Б. Дикс, О.Г. Горильчаник, В.В. Натарова, И.А. Недбайло

Abstract


The purpose of the work was to identify the physical and functional causes of injury and the effectiveness of the application of a comprehensive method for restoring basketball players after injuries of the locomotor apparatus. Material and methods: In this study 21 basketball players took part, 4 of them master of sports, 9 candidates for master of sports, 8 athletes of 1 category. Methods of research: pedagogical method of subjective assessment of weight and intensity of pain sensations, physiological methods of research (maximum performance test, orthostatic test, determination of cardiac rhythm indices, determination of respiratory and cardiovascular system performance), methods of pedagogical testing, method of pedagogical experiment , methods of mathematical statistics. Results It has been established that the traumaticity of basketball players increases as their weight ratios increase. This is due to the biomechanical, functional, psychophysiological, orthostatic and vegetative-vascular characteristics of people of varying degrees of growth, as well as the requirements of the game, which increase as weight-gain indicators of athletes increase, which forces the center and extreme attackers to constantly work at the limit of their capabilities and leads to traumatism. Conclusions Application of effective methods of individualization of training process, one of which can serve as a method of controlling loads on subjective sensations, as well as - effective methods of prevention and treatment of injuries.


Keywords


травмы, спорт, баскетбол, восстановления

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Boichuk, R., Iermakov, S., & Nosko, M. (2017). Pedagogical conditions of motor training of junior volleyball players during the initial stage. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 17(1), 327-334. doi:10.7752/jpes.2017.01048

Boichuk, R., Iermakov, S., Nosko, M., & Kovtsun, V. (2017). Special aspects of female volleyball players’ coordination training at the stage of specialized preparation. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 17(2), 884-891. doi:10.7752/jpes.2017.02135

Kozina, Z., Repko, O., Ionova, O., Boychuk, Y., & Korobeinik, V. (2016). Mathematical basis for the integral development of strength, speed and endurance in sports with complex manifestation of physical qualities. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 16(1), 70-76. doi:10.7752/jpes.2016.01012

Kozina Z.L., Jagiello W., Jagiello M. Determination of sportsmen’s individual characteristics with the help of mathematical simulation and methods of multi-dimensional analysis. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 2015. 12. С. 41–50. http://dx.doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2015.1207

Liu, Yong Qiang. (2015). Operative correction of judoists’ training loads on the base of on-line monitoring of heart beats rate. Physical education of students, 2, 13-21. doi:10.15561/20755279.2015.0203

Makuts, T.B., & Vysochina, N.L. (2015). Factorial analysis of tennis players’ psychological and technical-tactic fitness at the stage of specialized basic training. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 9, 45-50. doi:10.15561/18189172.2015.0907

Najafi, Abdolrahman., Shakerian, Saeid., Habibi, Abdolhamid., Shabani, Mehrzad., & Fatemi, Rouholah. (2015). The comparison of some anthropometric, body composition indexes and VO2max of Ahwaz elite soccer players of different playing positions. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 19(9), 64-68. doi:10.15561/18189172.2015.0910

Pryimakov, O., Iermakov, S., Kolenkov, O., Samokish, I., &Juchno, J. (2016). Monitoring of functional fitness of combat athletes during the precompetitive preparation stage. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 16(2), 551-561. doi:10.7752/jpes.2016.02087

Rovniy, A.S., & Lastochkin, V.M. (2015). Mechanisms of adaptation to intensive loads of 400 meters’ hurdles runners at stage of initial basic training. Physical education of students, 4, 39-43. doi:10.15561/20755279.2015.0406

Shepelenko, T., Kozina, Z., Cieślicka, M., Prusik, K., Muszkieta, R., Sobko, I., Ryepko, O., Bazilyuk, T., Polishchuk, S., Osiptsov, A., & Kostiukevych, V. (2017). Factor structure of aerobics athletes preparation. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2017, 21(6), 345-352.

Sindiani, M, Eliakim, A, Segev, D, Meckel, Y. (2017). The effect of two different interval-training programmes on physiological and performance indices. European Journal of Sport Science. 17(7), 830-7.

Sobko I. (2015). An innovative method of managing the training process of qualified basketball players with hearing impairment. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 15(4), 640–645: doi:10.7752/jpes.2015.04097




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.34142/zenodo.1109972

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