Method of training athletes in modern sports fitness with the use of isometric gymnastics and cardio-loads at the initial stage of training

Zh.L. Kozina, V. Nikolayeva, O. Popov, M. Oleinik, S.A. Glyadya, Yu.K. Vasilyev

Abstract


The purpose of the work is to detect the effect of the use of static exercises and isometric gymnastics in combination with cardiovascular stress in the training process in fitness fitness on the indicators of power capabilities, recovery processes. Material and methods. The study was attended by 40 men aged 20-25 years, whose body weight was in the range of 65-75 kg, and 62 women aged 20-25 years, whose body weight was in the range of 55-90 kg. Men were divided into control and experimental groups of 20 people each. The groups trained in the same programs, but in the experimental group less time was spent on the use of means of endurance in favor of the means developing the cardiovascular system and the connective device. In the group of women, due to the large dispersion of body mass indexes and various experience, testing was carried out after the breakdown of Letunov. Results. The technique, which contains complexes of static exercises and isometric gymnastics, in combination with cardiovascular and respiratory exercises, is developed. The developed technique positively influences on the development of power abilities, on indicators of restoration of work capacity and on mental working capacity. Women have been shown to have a significant impact of body mass in combination with training experience with fitness for heart rate when recovering after the test of Letunov on the first and fifth minutes of recovery, as well as on heart rate indicators in a state of rest. The optimal body weight contributes to improving the training effect of women in fitness classes. Conclusions. In the training process in modern fitness at the initial stage of training it is necessary to apply a method of integrated influence on the development of power abilities, ligament apparatus, cardiovascular and nervous systems. An individual approach to women's training at the initial stage of training should include a different effect of the fitness experience on the recovery processes in women of different body mass.


Keywords


force; gymnastics; isometric exercises; fitness restoration; psychophysiological state

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1468156

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