Interdependence of the manifestation of cognitive functions and sports success among young dancers

V. V. Myshko

Abstract


Objective: To study the relationship between the level of cognitive abilities and the success of young dancers. Material: 24 sportsmen, who specialize in sports dances, aged 15-16, were examined. Cognitive abilities were studied by tests of perception, processing and decision-making on verbal stimuli - "establishing regularities" and non-verbal stimuli - "numerical comparison". Performance in sports dances was evaluated according to five international criteria. Statistical processing of mathematical data, pedagogical observations was used. Results: It is established that the success in sports dances is conditioned by the high level of manifestation of cognitive functions: attention, speed of visual perception, and increased level of operative and logical thinking in the processing of verbal information. High efficiency in the processing of stimuli in the verbal test of successful athletes, as compared to another group, indicates a high level of qualitative characteristics of mental functions of perception, processing of information and decision making. At the same time, the attention of successful athletes due to the speed of processing of information increases, which is reflected in lowering the level of efficiency and stability when performing the test for processing non-verbal information. Conclusions: The manifestation of success in sports dances is related to the level of development of cognitive functions: attention, verbal perception and operative and logical thinking. In the group of more successful athletes, the advantage of high-speed response characteristics in the cognitive test for non-verbal information was found. At the same time, in the group of athletes with reduced performance in sports dances, the qualitative characteristics of perception, analysis and decision making in the processing of non-verbal information are the best.


Keywords


cognitive abilities; verbal and nonverbal stimuli; success; dancers

References


Atemyeva, G., Nichitaylo, M. (2014). Rozvitok koordinaciynih zdibnostey detey 9–11 rokiv za dopomogoy tancuvalnogo fitnesu z elementami indiyskogo tancu. Slobojanskiy naukovo-sportivniy visnik, 3 (41), 13-18.

Demidova, О.M. (2012).Vzaemozvyzki pokazniki fizichnogo rozvitku ta fisichnoi pidgotovlenosti sportsmtniv - tancuristiv 14-18 rokiv na etapi specializjvanoi bazovoi pidgotovki. Сultura fizică: probleme știinţifice ale învăţământului și sportului / col. red.: Danail S. [et. al.]. Ch.: Editura USEFS, 312 - 318.

Кorobeynikov, G.V., Myshko, V.V. (2016). Zvyzok proyvy neirodinamichnih harakteristik vichoi nervovoi diylnosti z yspichnisty v sportivnih tancyh y ynih sportsmeniv. Pedagogika, psihologiy ta medico-biologicheskie problem fizicheskogo vichovaniy i sporta, 4, 17–22.

Korobeynikova, L., Stovba. А., Cchipenko, А., Mickan, Т. (2014). Vzaemozvyzok mij rivnem proyvy stresostiykosti ta kognitivnimi funkciymi v sportivnih tancyh. Visnik Prikarpatskogo yniverciteta, 19, 89-93.

Platonov, V.N. (2015). Sistema podgotovki sportsmenov v olimpiyskom sporte. Obchay teoriy I ee prakticheskie prilojeniy. Кiev: Оlimpickay literatura, 584.

Sivickiy, V.A. (2012). Osobenosti sorevnovatelnoy deytelnosti v tancevalnom sporte. Uchenie zapiski universiteta imeni P.F.Lesgafta. 10(92), 146-150.

Soronovich, I. М., Chaykovskiy, Е.V., Pilevskay, V. (2013). Osobenosti funkcionalnogo obespecheniy sorevnovatelnoy deytelnosti v sportivnih tancyh s uchetom razlichiy podgotovlenosti partnerov. Fizicheskoe vospitanie studentov, 6, 78-87.

Judith Lynne Hanna. (2015). Dancing to Learn: The Brain's. Cognition, Emotion, and Movement. Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MD, 205.

Кeeley, T.J., Fox, K.R. (2009). The impact of physical activity and fitness on academic achievement and cognitive performance in children. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2(2)., 198-214.

Кorobeynikov, G., Korobeynikova, L. (2003). Physical development and psychical function states in junior schoolchildren. Bratislava Medical Journal, 104(3), 125-129.

Оperational Guidelines for Ethics Committee that Review Biomedica Research. (2000). Geneva: World Organization, 31.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1468260

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Health, sport, rehabilitation