Comparative analysis of physical and technical preparedness among players of different playing positions in student football team

I.B. Hrynchenko, I.V. Schestipalov, A.A. Tykhonova

Abstract


The aim of the study was to identify and analyze differences in the physical and technical preparedness of players of different playing positions in the student football team. Materials and methods. To solve the tasks, from September 2017 to June 2018, the study was organized which had involved players from the student football team of H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University in the amount of 18 people (6 forwards, 6 defenders and 6 midfielders) aged 18 to 21 years old. At the first stage of the experiment, the analysis of the scientific and methodological materials on the players’ training of different playing positions in sports games has led to the conclusion that; firstly, in football, special attention should be paid to the individualization of training loads for outfield players; secondly, among specialists there is a considerable variety of views on the issue of the leading factors of technical and tactical skill of players of different playing positions. Results. In analyzing the digital indicators obtained as a result of grouping and systematization, it can be argued that, in general, the level of development of the special speed (starting and total) and explosive strength (standing long jump) for midfield players is significantly lower than among the forwards, as well as defenders. It is also notable, that the indicators of the last two categories are almost the same in running tests (6 meters running, 30 seconds running). Moreover, the defense players are ahead of the forwards and midfielders in the tests “shuttle running 3x10 m” and “shuttle running 5x10 m”. However, the defenders’ technical test results are lower than among forwards and midfielders. Conclusions. Findings allow us to determine the model characteristics of players of different playing positions of the student football team of mass level, and also to correct the educational and training process, taking into account the lagging indicators of students’ physical and technical preparedness.


Keywords


football; playing positions; physical training; technical training; student sport

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2536458

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