Interrelation of neurodynamic indicators with indicators of physical and technical readiness of young footballers of 12-13 and 15-16 years in the preparatory and competitive periods of the annual cycle of the training process

Zh.L. Kozina, M. Cretu, D.V. Safronov, I. Gryn, I. Ruban, S.B. Khrapov, T.V. Pasichna

Abstract


The purpose of the study is to determine the correlation of psycho-physiological functions with indicators of physical and technical readiness of young footballers of 12-13 and 15-16 years in the preparatory and competitive periods of the annual cycle of the training process. Methods. 24 football players participated in the study, 12 of them 12-13 players; 12 football players 15-16 years old. Parameters characteristic for determining the psychophysiological state, indicators of the nervous system's work capacity, and attention indicators were analyzed with the help of computer programs for psychophysiological testing. Also, determination of the level of physical preparedness (running on 60 m, running on 1000 m, shuttle running, pulling on the crossbar, jumping from place), determination of the level of technical preparedness (juggling, impact on range). Testing was carried out at the beginning of the preparatory period and at the beginning of the competition period of the annual cycle of the training process. The gap between the two tests was 3 months. Results. In the preparatory period of young footballers 15-16 years, the total number of reliable relationships between psychophysiological indicators and indicators of physical and technical preparedness is lower than that of young footballers 12-13 years in the preparatory and competitive periods. In the competitive period of 15-16 year old football players there is an increase in the number of interconnections between psychophysiological indicators and indicators of physical and technical preparedness compared with the preparatory period. In footballers aged 15-16 in the competitive period, there is an increase in the number of relationships that reflect rapid physical qualities and mobility of the nervous system, the ability to switch attention, the speed of a simple and complex reaction in comparison with the preparatory period and the results of testing the players 12-13 years. Conclusions. The obtained data is a reflection of the process of formation of a specific type of football player, when the speed of neurodynamic processes is associated with high-speed and speed-strength physical qualities.


Keywords


football; psycho-physiological indicators; training, training

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.34142/HSR.2019.05.01.04

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