Application of climbing in adaptive physical education of children with autism spectrum disorders

O.V. Musiyenko, N.B. Kizlo

Abstract


The purpose of this work was to determine the effect of rock climbing as a means of adaptive physical education on behavior, emotional state, coordination of movements and quality of life of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Material and methods: Five children aged 8-9 with ASD participated in the experiment. All children who were involved in rock climbing had the same name. low-function autism (disability of subgroup A). They did not speak, they could neither read nor write, had problematic behavior, stereotyped movements, a large number of inappropriate movements, impaired coordination of movements, aggression and autoaggression. The children attended classes on rock climbing 2 times a week for 40 minutes. on a rock climbing bridge in Lviv from September 1, 2017 to June 30, 2018. Classes were individual. Each of them started with warm-up (5 minutes), in the main part of the children were taught Bouldering (10 min.) And worked on high tracks up to 14 m (25 min.). Prior to the beginning of classes (August 2017), parents' questionnaires were conducted concerning the psychophysical status of children who were included in the experiment. The questionnaire was filled up by parents every three months during the experiment, which led to changes in the psychophysical state of their children. Results: Based on the results of an expert assessment of the psychophysical condition of children with RAS attending climbing classes, it can be argued that, against the backdrop of growth in the results of the skills of movements, the logic of passing the distance, the speed of solving motor tasks, a significant increase in positive emotions, there is a significant decrease in problem behavior. Climbing activities contribute to a significant increase in the quality of life of both children from the ASD and their parents. The results of the influence of the duration of classes on the components of the behavior of the children under study by multidimensional dispersion analysis showed a significant impact on the duration of occupations on various components of child behavior (p <0.001). Conclusions The obtained results testify to the high efficiency of the use of rock climbing as a means of socialization of children with autism. Climbing is a powerful sensory stimulus for children with PAC. It is possible to recommend individual climbing exercises for children with ASD as an effective means of adaptive physical education.


Keywords


autism; climbing; coordination of movements; quality of life

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.34142/HSR.2019.05.01.08

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