The relationship of sportsmanship and components of the training load of students-athletes (for example, middle-distance running).

N.І. Neporadna

Abstract


The purpose of the work is to identify the influence of various components of the training load on the improvement of sportsmanship of athletes at the stages of preliminary training and initial specialization. Research methods. Students at the age of 17, who were engaged in the athletics section and performed regulatory tests at the level of the third sports category, were divided into 2 groups: experimental and control (10 people each). The students of the experimental group were trained in the author's 6-component training load program. The students of the control group were engaged in a program developed at the Research Institute of Physical Education and Sport. Investigated indicators of physical development (height, body weight, functional reserves of the cardio-respiratory system) and physical fitness (endurance, speed and power indicators) every 6 months for 5 years. Results. The developed program, which is implemented at the stages of preliminary training and initial specialization of athletes, provides for the development of specially oriented physical abilities and allows you to increase the level of sportsmanship. This is indicated by the dynamics of the obtained positive results of testing basic anthropometric data and indicators of physical training of students-athletes. It is also necessary to take into account the direction of development of physical abilities, based on the development of the main indicators of the cardio-respiratory system and the leading role of the mechanisms influencing the regulation of the level of general endurance, movement speed and strength characteristics in the whole organism. The program provides for a systematic, but gradual complication of physical activity, determines the appropriate conditions for the implementation of the basic principle of physical education in higher educational institutions and developmental training for students-athletes of various qualifications. Conclusion. The results of 5-year testing of students-athletes after the introduction of the author's program in the training process, indicate pronounced positive changes in physical development and physical fitness, expressed in increasing the level of their sportsmanship and achievement of sports results corresponding to the first sports category.


Keywords


athletes, physical development; physical fitness; sports skills improvement program

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.34142/HSR.2019.05.01.09

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