The use of outdoor games in the training of young cheerleaders

E.A. Slastina, T.M. Kravchuk, S.A. Bybel

Abstract


The purpose - to determine the effectiveness of the use of outdoor games for the development of basic physical abilities at the stage of initial training in cheerleading. Material and methods. The study involved 30 girls 7-8 years, engaged in cheerleading at the Children's school of arts №6 (Kharkiv). Research methods: study and analysis of pedagogical and scientific-methodical literature; analysis of the rules and videos of competitions; pedagogical observations; pedagogical experiment; pedagogical control tests (testing); methods of mathematical statistics. Results. As a result of the study, it was found that for successful competitive activity in cheerleading at the initial stage of preparation, it is necessary to evenly develop such physical abilities as flexibility, agility, speed, strength, speed-strength abilities and the ability to rhythmic activity. To optimize the development of these abilities, mobile games were proposed, divided into groups, according to the predominant influence on physical abilities. After that, for three months, these games were introduced in the experimental group during the preparatory and final parts of the classes. Analysis of indicators of physical fitness in the subjects of the experimental group before and after the pedagogical experiment showed significant dynamics towards improvement. Conclusions. Analysis of competitive activity of cheerleaders, the success of which depends on the skills of young athletes to perform a large number of jumps, rotational movements, stants, pyramids and supports, as well as rapid movements, limited area of a certain size, allowed to identify the physical abilities necessary for the effective preparation of athletes in this sport: flexibility, speed, agility, strength and speed-strength abilities and the ability to rhythmic activity. Experimental verification of the effectiveness of the use of gaming tools in the training of young cheerleaders showed that methodically correctly selected outdoor games with their systematic introduction into the training process can contribute to a significant increase in all the necessary young cheerleaders physical abilities.


Keywords


outdoor games, cheerleading, primary school students, physical abilities, speed; agility; strength; ability to rhythmic activity

References


Androshchuk, N.V. Lesiv, A.D. & Mekhanoshin, S.O. (1998). Outdoor games and relay races in physical education of Junior schoolchildren [Outdoor games and relay races in physical education of Junior schoolchildren], Ternopil: ”Pidruchnyky posibnyky”.

Voitenko, A. (2006). Features of the organization and conduct of outdoor games in physical education lessons in 1-2 classes [Features of the organization and conduct of outdoor games in physical education lessons in 1-2 classes]. Primary school, 7, 60-62.

Demchishin, A. A. Artiukh, Z. M. Demchishin, V. A. & Fapes, I. G. (1992). Outdoor sports at school. [Outdoor sports games at school], Kyiv: Osvita.

Ivanchenko, Y.M. (2010). Planning and organization of the training process for cheerleading. Young sport science of Ukraine, 14(1), 94-100.

Kobelev, Ia. K. Rubanov, M. N. & Chermit, K. D. (1985). Outdoor games as a means of training young judoists [Outdoor games as a means of training young judoists]. Wrestling: Yearbook, 25-27.

Korovin, S. S. (1983). The use of specialized outdoor games in sports training of young gymnasts. [Use of specialized outdoor games in sports training of young gymnasts], Chelyabinsk.

Kravchuk, T.M., Bybel, S.A. & Biletska, A.V. (2018). Analysis of competitive programs in cheerleading (on the example of student teams). [Analysis of competitive programs in cheerleading (on the example of student teams).]. Health, sport, rehabilitation; 3: 91-96.

Kriventsova, I. V. & Pashkevich, S. A. (2016). Efficiency of outdoor games in the development of high-speed qualities of 12-14 year old fencers [Efficiency of outdoor games in the development of high-speed qualities of 12-14 year old fencers]. Pedagogy "Science and education", 8, 98-101.

Krikun, Y.Y. (2009). Characteristics of competitive activity of cheerleading athletes. Slobozhansky science and sports bulletin, 2, 30-35.

Kucher, V. O. & Grigus, I. M. (2007). Application of mobile games and their influence on the organism of schoolchildren [Application of mobile games and their influence on the organism of schoolchildren]. Pedagogy, psychology and medico-biological problems of physical education and sport, 8, 139-142.

Lutsenko, L.S. (2009). Test tasks on special-motor and physical fitness of athletes in cheerleading at the stage of specialized basic training. Physical education of students of creative specialties, 4, 45-50.

Lutsenko, L.S. & Zinchenko, L.A. (2010). Acrobatic training in the training process of cheerleaders at the stage of specialized basic training. Physical education of students, 2, 105-110.

Marchenko, S.I. & Khudolii, O. M. (2007). Modeling of development of speed-power abilities at school students of 2-4 classes by means of mobile games. [Modeling of development of speed-power abilities at school students of 2-4 classes by means of mobile games]. Pedagogy, psychology and medico-biological problems of physical education and sport, 8, 139-142.

Marchenko, S. I. (2009). The simulation of the development speed of pupils of 2-4 classes by means of outdoor games. [Modeling of speed development in schoolchildren of 2-4 classes by means of outdoor games]. Theory and methods of physical education, 10, 10-15.

Marchenko, S. I. (2008). Conditions for the effective development of motor abilities in primary school children by means of outdoor games. Cand. Diss. [Conditions for the effective development of motor abilities in primary school children by means of outdoor games. Cand. Diss.] Kharkov.

Mudryk, S. B. (1999). Influence of national outdoor games on the development of physical qualities of children of primary school age [Influence of national outdoor games on the development of physical qualities of children of primary school age]. Pedagogy, psychology and methodological and biological problems of physical education and sport, 6, 19-24.

Mudryk, S. B. (1999). The effectiveness of national outdoor games in physical education lessons in primary school. Cand. Diss. [Effectiveness of national outdoor games in physical education lessons in primary school]. Lutsk.

Naumchuk, V. (2008). Outdoor games in the gender education of primary school children. [Outdoor games in the gender education of primary school children]. Scientific notes of TNPU, Ternopil: TNPU, 6, 15-20.

Ogar, G. O. Sanzharov, V. A. & Lasytsia, V. A. (2015). The development of agility in Junior classes the game means with elements of martial arts [The development of agility in Junior classes the game means with elements of martial arts]. Health, sports, rehabilitation, 1, 73-75.

Ohnysta, K.M. (2004). Outdoor games in physical education of primary school children. [Outdoor games in physical education of primary school children]. Ternopil.

Pidkopai, D.O. (2007). Usage of outdoor games on the ice with symmetric and asymmetric trajectories in the training of young short-trekbekov [Usage of outdoor games on the ice with symmetric and asymmetric trajectories in the training of young short-trekbekov]. Theory and methods of physical education, 2, 36-38.

Tsos, A.V. (1994) Ukrainian folk games and fun. [Ukrainian folk games and fun]. Lutsk.

Shandryhos, V. I. (2013). Outdoor games with elements of martial arts: Teaching aid. [Outdoor games with elements of martial arts: Training manual]. Ternopil: Vector.

Chappell, R. (1999). Successful coaching for cheerleading, New York: Human. Kinetics.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.34142/HSR.2019.05.01.12

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Health, sport, rehabilitation

License Creative Commons BY