The use of integral exercises in the physical training of aykidist athletes

Ye.A. Striclavenko, O.G. Shalar, V.M. Huzar

Abstract


Objective: to generalize the method of using integral exercises for the development of the physical qualities of aykidists at the initial training stage. Material: young aikidists, 11-13 years old, took part in the study. They were involved in the youth sports club of the Kherson Regional Aikido Federation. All tests that were used in the study were divided into two groups. Tests to determine overall physical fitness were aimed at the demonstration of speed-strength abilities, agility, strength and flexibility by young athletes. Tests to determine the special physical fitness of young aikidists were aimed at the manifestation of special coordination readiness, speed and strength of the upper shoulder girdle, special endurance and strength of the lower extremities Results: the training method consisted of various complexes of integral exercises, which were used both in the preparatory part of the training, and in the main and final ones. Absolutely for all tests that determine general physical fitness, the level of increase in average results ranges from 5% to 35%. Moreover, the greatest changes were recorded in the indices of the test: bending forward from a sitting position: 35.1%, and the smallest for a long jump from the spot: 4.8%. Conclusions: the correct and rational use of various means and methods for the development of physical qualities allows you to effectively influence the level of physical fitness of young aykidists and makes it possible for them to achieve the highest possible level of skill. In modern aikido, only a rational combination of all sides of preparedness will allow to achieve significant results. A promising direction for further research is the synthesis of the physical and technical training of young akidists using integral exercises.

Keywords


aikido; methods; integral exercises; tests; physical fitness

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.34142/HSR.2019.05.01.14

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